Hand washing is the activity to clean the palms, back of hands and fingers clean of dirt and kill germs that cause diseases that damage health and create a fragrant smell. Why hold hands? Pathogenic bacteria are everywhere and can be attached to the skin surface. Hands are the organs that are often used to take food and food. We’ve always learned to cook hands before eating. Clean the dirt only with a false hand is not enough because the air just cleans dirt, do not eliminate pathogenic bacteria or germs that may be stuck in our hands. Therefore, we are advised to wash hands with soap so that bacteria can participate lifted with other impurities.

How is that soap? Ordinary soap is a mixture of an inorganic (alkali) organic compound (composition). The soap has the ability to pull oily dirt from the body or clothes into the air. So the soap will clean up the dirt that there are fat and oil that may stick in our hands. In addition to removing dirt and oil, soap can also reduce microbes. Microbes are trapped in soap foam and lost after being rinsed.

Which soap can kill germs? Soap that can kill germs is a soap that contains antiseptic. Soap containing antiseptic means containing alcohol. Commonly used alcohols are ethanol (ethyl alcohol), N-propyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol. Ethanol with a concentration of 50-70% is very effective for non-spore microorganisms. Alcohol is above 60% effective against viruses.

Many people underestimate and forget about handwashing after doing a job and before eating at risk of disease that comes from bacteria on the hands. Proper and healthy hand washing requires some of the following tools:

1. Soap/antiseptic
2. Clean water
3. Wipe / dry tissue

It is advisable to work for hand properly, not in a hurry, seriously and thoroughly minimal done for 20 seconds. One of the diseases caused by germs that come into the human body with food is diarrhea. Besides that caused by germs, diarrhea can also be caused by body loss or dehydration.

Step / Stage Process Handwashing With Good Antiseptic Soap:
1. Dampen both palms with clean running water and.
2. Use soap and rub gently until frothy enough to kill germs.
3. Rub our palms flat.
4. Rub the two sides of the back of the hand until evenly distributed.
5. Clean every finger and fingernail until clean (fingernails not long).
6. Do not forget to rub the wrist by rotating with the palm of the hand alternately
Rinse with clean running water and dry.

Dry hands with tissues better compare dry hands using the machine. Because the machine needed generally accommodates many bacteria that can transmit to others

Better to dry hands with tissue by using a machine. Since hand-held auxiliary machines generally accommodate many bacteria and germs that can be contagious. With the help of hands with soap, we can remove the following diseases:

Diarrhea
It is the second most common cause of death for children and toddlers. Many studies have found that handwashing with soap can reduce diarrhea rates by 50%.

Respiratory tract infections
Is also the main cause of death for children under five. Hand washing with soap reduces the rate of respiratory infections
– by releasing the respiratory pathogens present in the hands and surface of the palm
– to eliminate pathogens (germs) another virus which causes not only diarrhea but also symptoms of other respiratory diseases.
Another study in Pakistan found by washing hands with soap reduces respiratory-related pneumonia in children under five by more than 50%.

Worm infections, eye infections, and skin diseases
Research has also proven it in addition to diarrhea and respiratory infections, the use of soap in hand-healing diseases; eye infections such as trachoma, and special worms for ascariasis and trichuriasis.